Festum Rosarii B.mæ V. Mariæ.
An 18th century German engraving by Klauber depicting the origin of the Catholic feast of Our Lady of the Rosary, celebrated on October 7.
Pope Pius V attributed the victory of the Christian armies over the Muslim Ottomans at the battle of Lepanto to Our Lady of the Rosary. The battle took place on 7 October 1571.
On the engraving Mary appears in the sky as Star of the Sea (Stella Maris). Below the pope and one of the army commanders pay tribute to her as thanks for the victory. In the background we catch a glimpse of the battle taking place.
An anonymous Austrian trompe-l’oeil painting of the miraculous image of Maria Hilf.
The image of Mary is surrounded by several references to death: an engraving of Christ as the Man of Sorrows, a skull and an hourglass. The rosary on the wall is a reference to prayer and repentance.
The arrangement of objects make the painting a piece of ‘memento mori’ art, reminding those who look at it of their mortality.